Cells are the building blocks of all the organs, skeletal system, blood vessels, and tissues throughout your body. Your cells need energy to function normally. The fuel they use as energy is blood glucose (blood sugar). Insulin is a hormone secreted by your pancreas that acts as a key to open your cells so they can capture and convert the energy-providing sugar from your bloodstream.
Sometimes diabetes develops when your body no longer produces enough insulin to fuel your cells. In some cases, your cells may refuse to open their doors to the insulin key. This is insulin resistance. Without insulin, your cells can’t absorb the energy they need to function normally.
There are several different types of diabetes and causes vary. The most common forms are type 2, type 1, and gestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes is related to pregnancy and generally retreats once the pregnancy is over. However, women who experience gestational diabetes are considered to be at higher risk for developing diabetes later in life.
With type 1 diabetes, your body does not produce any insulin due to an autoimmune disease that causes your body to attack and destroy the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas. While it’s most common in childhood, type 1 diabetes can actually develop at any age.
Type 2 diabetes is by far the most common and is often related to poor diet, excessive weight, sedentary lifestyle, and genetics. Your pancreas may produce too little insulin, or your cells may be insulin resistant. It generally occurs after age 35, but younger adults are developing type 2 diabetes.
Truly effective diabetic care requires a team approach that includes your willingness to participate in the lifestyle modifications and other changes required. It can be overwhelming and confusing to get started on an appropriate diabetic care regimen, but Dr. Deorosan and her staff take the time to listen to your concerns and work diligently to help you succeed.
Type 1 diabetes requires insulin injections daily. Type 2 diabetes may require oral medications or insulin. The “diabetic diet” remains foundational in the treatment of all forms of diabetes, but today’s version is nutritious rather than restrictive. As a bonus, the lifestyle modifications associated with diabetic care also improve your heart health, decrease your cholesterol levels, and otherwise positivity impact your overall physical and emotional wellbeing.
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